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2020年最值得期待的区块链新兴技术趋势

2019-11-27 09:00:51 北京和田文化 阅读

Top Emerging Blockchain Technology Trends to Follow [2020]

  From Interoperability to stable coins,learn about the latest blockchain trends that will rock in 2020.

  从“互操作性”到“稳定币”,了解2020年最值得期待的区块链最新趋势。

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  The blockchain technology first made its official appearance almost a decade ago,in the year 2009. Since then, the world has seen an exponential transformation in this remarkable technology. From the retail sector to the field of Healthcare and Medicine,blockchain technology has made its way into various industry verticals,thus making blockchain trends the most searched keyword.

  区块链技术在大约十年前首次向公众发布。从那时起,这项非凡技术为全世界带来了巨大的改变。从零售业到医疗保健和医学领域,区块链技术已进入各个行业,并逐渐成为人们津津乐道的谈资。

  Clearly,the future has a lot of scope for blockchain-based applications. Let’s take a look at the top emerging blockchain development trends in 2020,that will shape the future of blockchain.

  显然,基于区块链的应用程序有极大的发展空间。让我们一起瞩目2020年区块链发展趋势,共同探讨区块链的未来。

  Top Blockchain Trends of 2020   2020年区块链技术热门趋势

  The advent of 2019 brought a lot of excitement in the latest blockchain technology. It is sure to take mobile app transactions and business functioning to newer and unimaginable heights. Here are the top emerging trends in blockchain technology.

  2019年见证了最新区块链技术的狂欢。区块链技术将移动应用交易和业务运作提升到全新的难以想象的高度。我们将接着探讨2020年区块链技术的新兴趋势。

  1. An expected Rise of Federated Blockchain联盟链如期兴起

  The term Federated Blockchain can be referred to as one of the best blockchain latest trends in the industry. It is merely an upgraded form of the basic blockchain model,which makes it more ideal for many specific use cases.

  “联盟链”可以算得上是业内最众望所归的区块链最新趋势。作为基础区块链模型的升级版,更适合许多特定用例。

  As per experts,there will be a rise in the usage of federated blockchain as it provides private blockchain,a more customizable outlook. For most of the part,federated blockchains are quite similar to private blockchains,with a few added features.

  专家认为,联盟链的运用将有所增加,因为它既包含私有链,又更具可定制性。 在大多数情况下,联盟链与私有链非常相似,但具有一些附加功能。

  For instance,in this type of blockchain,instead of one organization,multiple authorities can control the pre-selected nodes of blockchain. Now,this selected group of various nodes will validate the block so that the transactions can be processed further.

  例如,在联盟链中,预选节点将受到多个不同实体的分别控制,而非仅受一个实体控制。因此,将由所选的节点组对该区块进行验证,以便进一步处理交易。

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  Key Features Of Federated Blockchain联盟链的主要特点:

  The federated blockchain operates under various authorities instead of following a single secure and highly trusted node.

  联盟链在多个权限下运行,而非单个安全且高度可信节点。

  Here,the authority nodes are selected previously from different organizations that are connected to this blockchain network.

  权限节点在先前连接到该区块链网络的不同实体中选择。

  The group that is selected will be responsible for maintaining the network and validating the block as well.

  选定的组将负责维护网络并验证该块。

  In this network,only the group holds access to inner-restricted areas.

  在此网络中,只有该组才能访问内部限制区域。

  Use Cases Of Federated Blockchain联盟链的用例:

  Financial Services  金融服务

  SCM,i.e.,Supply Chain Management  SCM,即供应链管理

  Insurance Claims  保险理赔

  Organizational Records Security  组织记录安全防护

  Multiparty Aggression  防范多方攻击

  2. Stable Coins to Dominate the Crypto Space稳定币主导加密空间

  Cryptocurrencies are basically a side product of blockchain technology and are volatile in nature. As of now,stable coins are in their initial phase and it is predicted that 2019 will be the year when blockchain stable coins will achieve their all-time high,thus making them the second most looked forward emerging tech trends in the industry.

  加密货币是区块链技术的副产品,并且其本质并不稳定。当前,稳定币正处于起步阶段,预计2019年将是区块链稳定币创历史新高的一年,因此其也将成为该行业第二大最受期待的新兴技术趋势。

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  Blockchain Future Applications of Stable Coins稳定币的未来应用

  Additional layers of security from currency crashes:As the name suggests,stable coins are steady and don’t fluctuate that often. It means the user doesn’t have to worry about currency crashes constantly. It also allows users to invest in more cryptocurrencies.

  货币崩溃带来的额外安全保护:顾名思义,稳定币是稳定的,并且不会经常波动。这意味着用户不必经常担心货币崩溃。它还允许用户投资更多的加密货币。

  Fast Remittances and Affordable:The process of sending remittances overseas is now simplified with the help of stable coins. They are also swift and hold the same value as flat coins.

  快速汇款且实惠:稳定币的使用简化了向海外汇款的流程。它方便快捷,且具有与硬币相同的价值。

  Streamline Recurring and P2P payments:Making peer-to-peer (P2P) payments is much easier with stable coins. Users can even use them on smart contracts to conduct automated payments.

  简化周期性付款和P2P付款:使用稳定币可以更轻松地进行点对点(P2P)付款。用户甚至可以在智能合约上使用它们进行自动付款。

  More Stable Currency Exchanges:Stable coins can further contribute to stabilizing the market while improving the overall situation of the cryptocurrency market. This will also eliminate additional risks and unnecessary regulations.

  更稳定的货币兑换:稳定币可以进一步稳定市场,同时改善加密货币市场的整体状况。这还将消除额外风险和不必要的法规监管。

  Regular Currency:Stable coins currency can be used regularly as a common currency like Fiat money,along with legal backups. For example,you can use them like any other digital currency for making online purchases.

  正常货币:稳定币可以常规用作法定货币,以及合法的备用货币。例如,您可以像使用任何其他数字货币一样使用稳定币进行在线购物。

  Limitations of Stable Coins稳定币的局限性

  Unstable:The crypto-backed or commodity-backed stable coins can become unstable sometimes due to sudden crashes of the market. This might turn into a huge problem because experts are still working on how to back up stable coins if the value of their assets drops in the real world.

  不稳定:由于市场的突然崩溃,加密支持的或商品支持的稳定币有时会变得不稳定。专家们仍在研究如何支撑稳定币,如果稳定币在现实世界中的资产价值下降,可能会成为一个巨大的问题。

  Trust Issues:Because of the centralized nature of stable coins,users cannot completely trust their system as they still need to prove their applications in the real world.

  信任问题:由于稳定币的中心化本质,用户无法完全信任稳定币系统,因为稳定币在现实世界的应用仍有待验证。

  Regulations:A majority of coins have the same regulations as that of fiat money and that’s why this statement ultimately clashes with the main objective of cryptocurrencies.

  法规监管:大部分稳定币与法定货币受到相同的法规监管,这与加密货币的主要目标冲突。

  Centralized:Stable coins operate on a centralized system which basically contradicts the primary nature of the blockchain technology.

  中心化:稳定币在中心化系统上运行,该系统本质上与区块链技术的去中心化特性相违背。

  3. Amazon and Microsoft Using Blockchain as a Service (BaaS)亚马逊和微软的区块链即服务(BaaS)运用

  Another blockchain trend is BaaS,short for Blockchain As A Service. It is a new blockchain trend that is currently integrated with a number of startups as well as enterprises. But such blockchain future trends may not always be feasible when it comes to creating,maintaining,and managing a new blockchain solution.

  2020年另一个值得期待的区块链趋势是“区块链即服务”。这是一项新的区块链趋势,目前已被许多大型企业和初创企业采用。但是,在创建、维护和管理新的区块链解决方案时,这种区块链的未来趋势还不明朗。

  BaaS is a cloud-based service that enables users to develop their own digital products by working with blockchain. These digital products may be smart contracts,applications,or even other services that can work without any setup requirements of the complete blockchain-based infrastructure.

  BaaS是一种基于云的服务,帮助用户通过区块链开发自己的数字产品。这些数字产品可能是智能合约、应用程序或者其他服务。用户无需专门建设自己的区块链基础设施,就可以在BaaS上运行这些数字产品。

  Some of the companies developing a blockchain that provide BaaS service are Microsoft and Amazon,thus shaping the future of blockchain applications.

  开发提供BaaS服务的公司包括微软和亚马逊两大巨头,这更有利于区块链应用程序的未来发展。

  4. Blockchain is Expected to Transform Social Networking区块链有望改变社交网络

  It shouldn’t come as a surprise that social networking has become part and parcel of our daily lives. In fact,according to Statista,it is estimated that in 2019,there will be around 2.77 Billion social media users around the globe.

  社交网络已成为我们日常生活的一部分。据Statista估计,2019年全球将有大约27.7亿的社交媒体用户。

  The introduction of blockchain in social media will be able to solve the problems related to notorious scandals,privacy violations,data control,and content relevance. Thus,the blockchain blend in the social media domain is another emerging technology trend.

  在社交媒体中引入区块链将能够解决丑闻、隐私侵犯、数据控制和内容相关性等问题。因此,社交媒体领域中的区块链融合是另一个新兴的技术趋势。

  With the implementation of blockchain,it can be ensured that all the social media published data remain untraceable and cannot be duplicated,even after its deletion. Moreover,users will get to store data more securely and maintain their ownership. Blockchain also ensures that the power of content relevance lies in the hands of those who created it,instead of the platform owners. This makes the user feel more secure as they can control what they want to see.

  借助区块链,可以确保所有社交媒体发布的数据即使在删除后仍保持不可追踪且不重复。此外,用户将可以更安全地存储数据并维护其所有权。区块链还确保内容相关性掌握在创建者的手中,而非被平台所有者控制。这使用户可以控制自己想看的内容,因此也更加安全。

  5. Interoperability Among Blockchain Networks区块链网络之间的互操作性

  Blockchain interoperability is the ability to share data and other information across multiple blockchain systems as well as networks. This function makes it simple for the public to see and access the data across different blockchain networks. For example, you can send your data from one Ethereum blockchain to another specific EOS blockchain.

  区块链互操作性是跨多个区块链系统和网络共享数据和其他信息的能力。该功能使公众可以轻松查看和访问不同区块链网络上的数据。例如,您可以将数据从一个以太坊区块链发送到另一个特定的EOS区块链。

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  Benefits of Interoperability Between Blockchains区块链互操作的优点:

  Blockchain interoperability makes it easy and simple for users to transact from one blockchain to another.

  区块链的互操作性使用户可以轻松便捷地在两个区块链之间进行通信。

  This function also offers a range of diverse functionalities,for example,cross-chain transactions.

  区块链的互操作性还提供了多种功能,例如跨链交易。

  Interoperability also enhances multi-token transactions with the development of multi-token wallet systems.

  互操作性还通过开发多通证钱包系统加强多通证交易。

  Noteworthy Vendors of Blockchain Interoperability值得关注的区块链互操作性供应商

  Blocknet:Blocknet is a project that is constantly striving to build a decentralized exchange in a bid to exchange interexchange communication.

  Blocknet:Blocknet项目致力于成为区块链的互联网,使不同加密货币开放终端之间的通信

  Wanchain:Project Wanchain is mainly about leveraging cross-chain capabilities to enhancing the connection between consortium, private, and public blockchains.

  Wanchain:Wanchain项目主要利用跨链技术加强财团、私有链和公有链之间的联系。

  6. Ricardian Contracts as New Agreement李嘉图合约作为新协议

  A Ricardian contract is a human-readable legal agreement that is also agreed and signed upon by both parties that are involved in the contract. It further gets converted into a machine-readable contract that also defines the listed intentions of the involved parties. Due to the same,it makes a good case for itself to become one of the latest technology trends.

  李嘉图合约是一种易于阅读的法律协议,由参与合约的双方共同自愿签署。它进一步转换为机器可读的合约,并定义相关方在合约中列出的意图。也因为如此,它很有可能成为最新的技术趋势之一。

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  Basics of the Ricardian Contract李嘉图合约的基本因素:

  Flow:The flow of this type of contract can easily automate the operations on various blockchain applications in the future that are based on this technology.

  流程:未来,此类型合约的流程可以轻松将各种基于此技术的区块链应用程序上的操作自动化。

  Purpose:The Ricardian contract also records the terms of an agreement as a legal document.

  用途:李嘉图合约将协议的条款记录为法律文件。

  Versatile:In the case of any Ricardian contract,it can also be stated as a smart contract.

  通用性:任何李嘉图合约都是一种智能合约。

  Validity:This blockchain contract is a legally binding agreement/document.

  合法性:该区块链合约是具有法律约束力的协议/文件。

  Readable:The Ricardian contract is both machines as well as human-readable.

  可读性:李嘉图合约既是机器可读的,也是人类可读的。

  Advantages of the Ricardian Contract李嘉图合约的优点:

  It acts as a smart contract since it not only defines the intentions of both involved parties under legal terms but also executes additional instructions.

  它不仅可以通过法律条款定义双方的意图,而且可以执行附加条款,因此可以作为智能合约。

  The costs involved in such blockchain contracts are comparatively low. In addition to this,the Ricardian contract also saves time and effort.

  李嘉图合约不仅成本相对较低,还能节省时间和精力。

  As it is a legal binding agreement,both parties can end up in a court of law if anything goes wrong as per the contract details.

  由于这是一项具有法律约束力的协议,如果根据合同产生任何纠纷,双方都可以向法院起诉。

  7. Hybrid Blockchains混合区块链

  Next future scope of the blockchain technology is hybrid blockchain,which can be simply defined as the blockchain that attempts to use the most appropriate part of the public as well as private blockchain solutions.

  区块链技术的下一个趋势是混合区块链。混合区块链结合了私有链和公有链解决方案的最佳部分。

  If we opt for an example of an ideal world scenario,then hybrid blockchain will be mainly controlled across various platforms. On the other hand,there are some authorities for whom the processes are stated as private,while for the others,they remain public.

  理想状态下,混合区块链将受到各种不同平台的控制。有些机构将其流程私有,而其他机构则保持公开。

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  Advantages of Hybrid Blockchains混合区块链的优点

  Transaction costs are much lower as the influential nodes in the network make the process simple and quick to verify transactions.

  降低交易成本,因为网络中的影响力节点使验证交易的过程变得简单快捷。

  Hybrid blockchain operates in a closed ecosystem so that every piece of information remains secure on the network.

  混合区块链在封闭的生态系统中运行,因此每条网络上的信息都是安全的。

  As per the report,it also protects from more than 50 percent of attacks as hackers are unable to gain access to the blockchain network.

  根据报告,由于黑客无法访问区块链网络,它还可以防止50%以上的攻击。

  Here,the user has the option to change the rules when there is a requirement.

  利用混合区块链,用户可以在需要时选择更改规则。

  Hybrid blockchain also helps in maintaining the confidentiality of a project while communicating with the outer world.

  混合区块链还有助于在与外界交流的同时维护项目的机密性。

  8. Content Streaming to be More Secure With Blockchain区块链为内容流提供安全性

  Content Streaming is one of the emerging blockchain technology trends of 2020 that will be highly popular in upcoming years. Movie streaming services like Hulu and Netflix can incorporate this technology and its solutions to store user data in a more secure and easily accessible manner.

  内容流是2020年新兴的区块链技术趋势之一,在未来几年将非常流行。 诸如Hulu和Netflix这样的电影流媒体服务可以将这项技术及其解决方案结合起来,以更安全且易于访问的方式存储用户数据。

  There can be many other applications of blockchain solutions for its properties,like interoperability,federated blockchains,etc. Such video,music,and social media streaming companies can also opt for a similar API of blockchain technology that will enable third parties to read and even write information on the respective blockchain itself.

  区块链解决方案的许多特性都可以运用于内容流,例如互操作性、联盟链等。此类视频、音乐和社交媒体流媒体公司还可以选择类似的区块链技术API,使第三方能够在相应的区块链上读取甚至写入信息。

  Final Thoughts思考

  Looking at all these recent blockchain technology trends,one can say that the year 2020 will be quite a significant time for this emerging technology in various industries. There's no denying the fact that the technology of blockchain is likely to impact many different industry verticals differently.

  综观所有这些最新的区块链技术趋势,2020年对于这一新兴技术的发展将是至关重要的时期。不可否认的是,区块链技术可能会以不同的方式影响众多行业的纵向市场。

 

  注:《译科技 | 2020年最值得期待的区块链新兴技术趋势》来源于mobileappdaily(点击查看原文)。本文系数据观原创编译,译者方毓奇,转载请务必注明译者和来源。



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